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Journal of Breast Disease > Volume 12(1); 2024 > Article
Journal of Breast Disease 2024;12(1): 12-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.14449/jbd.2024.12.1.12
Safety and Effectiveness of Acellular Dermal Matrix in Breast-Conserving Surgery for Breast Cancer: A Single-Institution Study
Yeon Jin Kim, M.D., Hyun Jung Choi, M.D., Wan Sung Kim, M.D., Hyuk Jai Shin, M.D., Ph.D.
Division of Breast, Department of Surgery, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Corresponding Author: Hyuk Jai Shin ,Tel: +82-31-810-6890, Fax: +82-31-810-6163, Email: drgsshj@gmail.com
Received: May 14, 2024    Revised: June 23, 2024    Accepted: June 26, 2024
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ABSTRACT
Purpose: As breast-conserving surgery (BCS) has become the most common type of breast surgery, oncoplastic BCS has developed in response to improve cosmetic outcomes. Acellular dermal matrix (ADM) has been used as an adjunct to enhance cosmetic outcomes in partial breast reconstruction. This study aimed to evaluate postoperative complications, cosmetic satisfaction, and oncologic safety over a short-term follow-up period.
Methods: This retrospective study included 26 patients who underwent BCS at Myongji Hospital between April 2019 and April 2021. All procedures were performed by three surgeons. We reviewed demographic data, histologic grades, tumor-node-metastasis stages, treatment modalities, and survival data based on patient medical records.
Results: Of the 26 total patients, 5 developed seromas, which was the most common complication, and one patient experienced red breast syndrome. The incidence of complications per surgeon was less than 25%. The mean satisfaction score for the cosmetic outcome on a 10-point scale was 7.6 ( ± 2.1) as scored by patients and 8.8 ( ± 0.9) as scored by surgeons. Responses regarding cosmetic satisfaction revealed no significant differences among surgeons (p= 0.444). Of the 26 patients, four were lost to follow-up, and the mean follow-up period was 35.2 months. Two patients experienced recurrence, both of whom had regional recurrence with no local recurrence.
Conclusions: ADM replacement is a favorable alternative to oncoplastic BCS, in terms of the ease of surgical procedures, minimal complications, and low rates of local recurrence.
Keywords: Acellular dermal matrix | Breast conserving surgery | Breast neoplasm | Breast reconstruction
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